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Zebra Finch


Scientific name: Taeniopygia guttata

IUCN World Conservation Status: LEAST CONCERN

This bird is characterised by its energetic and expressive nature. Males can be identified by their chestnut cheeks and spotted chestnut flanks. Both males and females boast orange beaks with grey and white tails. Although small birds, growing up to 10cm in length, zebra finches are loud singers. They love to chirp, making a sound similar to a toy trumpet! They have sociable natures and can flock in groups of over 100. They are also widely sought by breeders and as pets.

Where in the world?

Native to Australia, Indonesia and East Timor.

Threats in the wild


Zebra finches inhabit a wide range of grasslands and forests, usually close to water. They are typically found in open areas with scattered bushes and trees, but have adapted to human disturbances, taking advantage of man-made watering holes and large patches of deforested land.


This bird is primarily seed-eating. Their beaks are adapted for dehusking small seeds. They prefer millet, but will consume many other kinds of seeds.


In the wild, this bird breeds after substantial rains. Wild birds are adaptable and varied in their nesting habits, with nests being found in cavities, scrub, low trees, bushes, on the ground, in termite hills, rabbit burrows, nests of other birds and ledges of human structures. Outside of their breeding season, brood nests are constructed for roosting in.