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Vietnamese Pheasant


Bird Type: Pheasants

Scientific name: Lophura hatinhensis

IUCN World Conservation Status: CRITICAL

This species, considered to be a variation of the Edward’s pheasant, has a very small range and population within central Vietnam.

These birds were only discovered relatively recently, in 1964, and are thought to be the rarest breed of pheasant in captivity. Listed as an endangered species, their population numbers are in continuous decline owing to the rapid destruction of their habitat and very high levels of hunting. This continual decline in numbers means they have been classed as a critically endangered species.

Where in the world?

The Vietnamese Pheasant is native only to Vietnam.

Threats in the wild


This species of pheasant lives in dense, close canopied, evergreen forests along streams in the lowlands of a small region of central Vietnam.


In the wild, Vietnamese pheasants eat mainly berries, seeds and leaves as well as a few insects. Here at Harewood, they enjoy a diet of mixed grain, chopped fruit and vegetables and mealworms.


The average lifespan of these pheasants is around 12 years old. The female will lay 5 to 7 eggs per clutch, which will hatch after a 21-day incubation period.