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Stanley Crane


Bird Type: Cranes

Scientific name: Anthropoides paradiseus

IUCN World Conservation Status: VUNERABLE

Also known as the Blue Crane, this bird is the national bird of South Africa. These tall birds are named after their pale blue feathers, which appear grey from a distance. Their population decline has historically been attributed to accidental and deliberate poisoning.

Today, the biggest threat is the destruction of their habitats, with the development of commercial tree plantations across the Stanley crane’s native grasslands.

Where in the world

Native to Namibia and South Africa.

Threats in the wild


The Stanley crane lives in the dry grasslands of southern Africa. They migrate to lower altitudes of grasslands during the winter months, whilst preferring wetland areas during breeding season.


Grass makes up a large part of the Stanley crane’s diet. They will also feed on large insects, frogs and mice.


Stanley cranes are monogamous breeders, meaning that they mate for life. Their breeding season usually runs from September to February. Females will lay 1-2 eggs per clutch and both cranes will take turns to sit on the nest