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Eurasian Eagle Owls


Bird Type: Owls

Scientific Name: Bubo bubo

IUCN World Conservation Status: LEAST CONCERN

Typical Wing-Span: 131–188 cm (4 ft 4 in–6 ft 2 in)

Geography: Europe, Asia and parts of North Africa

Harewood is home to a pair of Eurasian eagle owls, which are one of the largest species of owl in the world. Recognisable by their prominent ear tufts and bright orange eyes, the Eurasian eagle owls are a popular addition to Harewood’s owl collection.

When in flight, the Eurasian eagle owl combines fast, powerful wing beats with shallow beats and long, fast glides. They also soar on updrafts, displaying a type of flight similar to the Red Kites you see flying around Harewood House.

They have been successful in almost every climatic and environmental condition across Europe and Asia!

Threats in the wild

What do Eurasian eagle owls eat?

Like other owls at Harewood, these birds mainly eat small rodents like rats and mice. In the wild, they hunt a wide range of prey including rabbits, hares, jackdaws, herons and even other raptors like buzzards.

How do they hunt?

These owls usually hunt at night from a perch or while flying low over the ground or treetops. They are silent hunters that use their keen eyesight and hearing to locate and capture prey.

Are they nocturnal?

Yes! They are mostly nocturnal, choosing to roost in tree tops and on perches.

What kind of habitat do Eurasian eagle owls prefer?

Eagle owls live in a wide range of habitats which has contributed to their success. Rocky areas with cliffs, ravines and patches of woodland are natural homes as well as areas with scattered trees or groves. Woodland, forests and overgrown quarries with suitable rocky areas for nesting are common habitats.

In all cases, Eurasian eagle owls are usually in undisturbed wilderness areas.